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Archive
by Artinyan, E., Vincendon, B., Kroumova, K., Nedkov, N., Tsarev, P., Balabanova, S. and Koshinchanov, G.
Abstract:
The paper presents the set-up and functioning of a flood alert system based on SURFEX–TOPODYN platform for the cross-border Arda River basin. The system was built within a Bulgarian-Greek project funded by the European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) Programme and is in operational use since April 2014. The basin is strongly influenced by Mediterranean cyclones during the autumn–winter period and experiences dangerous rapid floods, mainly after intensive rain, often combined with snow melt events. The steep mountainous terrain leads to floods with short concentration time and high river speed causing damage to settlements and infrastructure. The main challenge was to correctly simulate the riverflow in near-real time and to timely forecast peak floods for small drainage basins below 100 km2 but also for larger ones of about 1900 km2 using the same technology. To better account for that variability, a modification of the original hydrological model parameterisation is proposed. Here we present the first results of a new model variant which uses dynamically adjusted TOPODYN river velocity as function of the computed partial streamflow discharge. Based on historical flooding data, river sections along endangered settlements were included in the river flow forecasting. A continuous hydrological forecast for 5 days ahead was developed for 18 settlements in Bulgaria and for the border with Greece, thus giving enough reaction time in case of high floods. The paper discusses the practical implementation of models for the Arda basin, the method used to calibrate the models’ parameters, the results of the calibration-validation procedure and the way the information system is organised. A real case of forecasted rapid floods that occurred after the system’s finalisation is analysed. One of the important achievements of the project is the on-line presentation of the forecasts that takes into account their temporal variability and uncertainty. The web presentation includes a comparison of the forecasted river flow to three predefined alert levels.
Reference:
Artinyan, E., Vincendon, B., Kroumova, K., Nedkov, N., Tsarev, P., Balabanova, S. and Koshinchanov, G., 2016: Flood forecasting and alert system for Arda River basinJournal of Hydrology, 541, 457-470.
Bibtex Entry:
@Article{Artinyan2016,
  Title                    = {Flood forecasting and alert system for Arda River basin},
  Author                   = {Artinyan, E. and Vincendon, B. and Kroumova, K. and Nedkov, N. and Tsarev, P. and Balabanova, S. and Koshinchanov, G.},
  Journal                  = {Journal of Hydrology},
  Year                     = {2016},

  Month                    = {October},
  Number                   = {Part A},
  Pages                    = {457-470},
  Volume                   = {541},

  Abstract                 = {The paper presents the set-up and functioning of a flood alert system based on SURFEX–TOPODYN platform for the cross-border Arda River basin. The system was built within a Bulgarian-Greek project funded by the European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) Programme and is in operational use since April 2014. The basin is strongly influenced by Mediterranean cyclones during the autumn–winter period and experiences dangerous rapid floods, mainly after intensive rain, often combined with snow melt events. The steep mountainous terrain leads to floods with short concentration time and high river speed causing damage to settlements and infrastructure. The main challenge was to correctly simulate the riverflow in near-real time and to timely forecast peak floods for small drainage basins below 100 km2 but also for larger ones of about 1900 km2 using the same technology. To better account for that variability, a modification of the original hydrological model parameterisation is proposed. Here we present the first results of a new model variant which uses dynamically adjusted TOPODYN river velocity as function of the computed partial streamflow discharge. Based on historical flooding data, river sections along endangered settlements were included in the river flow forecasting. A continuous hydrological forecast for 5 days ahead was developed for 18 settlements in Bulgaria and for the border with Greece, thus giving enough reaction time in case of high floods. The paper discusses the practical implementation of models for the Arda basin, the method used to calibrate the models’ parameters, the results of the calibration-validation procedure and the way the information system is organised. A real case of forecasted rapid floods that occurred after the system’s finalisation is analysed. One of the important achievements of the project is the on-line presentation of the forecasts that takes into account their temporal variability and uncertainty. The web presentation includes a comparison of the forecasted river flow to three predefined alert levels.},
  Copublication            = {7: 6 Bg, 1 Fr},
  Doi                      = {10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.02.059},
  Keywords                 = {Distributed hydrological modelling; Hydrological forecasting; SURFEX–TOP; Hydrological parameter calibration; TOPMODEL river velocity parameter;},
  Owner                    = {hymexw},
  Timestamp                = {2017.09.11},
  Url                      = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022169416301044}
}