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Archive
by Brilouet, P.-E., Durand, P. and Canut, G.
Abstract:
During winter, cold air outbreaks take place in the northwestern Mediterranean sea. They are characterized by local strong winds (Mistral and Tramontane) which transport cold and dry continental air across a warmer sea. In such conditions, high values of surface sensible and latent heat flux are observed, which favor deep oceanic convection. The HyMeX/ASICS-MED field campaign was devoted to the study of these processes. Airborne measurements, gathered in the Gulf of Lion during the winter of 2013, allowed for the exploration of the mean and turbulent structure of the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL). A spectral analysis based on an analytical model was conducted on 181 straight and level runs. Profiles of characteristic length scales and sharpness parameter of the vertical wind spectrum revealed larger eddies along the mean wind direction associated with an organization of the turbulence field into longitudinal rolls. These were highlighted by boundary layer cloud bands on high-resolution satellite images. A one-dimensional description of the vertical exchanges is then a tricky issue. Since the knowledge of the flux profile throughout the entire MABL is essential for the estimation of air-sea exchanges, a correction of eddy covariance turbulent fluxes was developed taking into account the systematic and random errors due to sampling and data processing. This allowed the improvement of surface fluxes estimates, computed from the extrapolation of the stacked levels. A comparison between those surface fluxes and bulk fluxes computed at a moored buoy revealed considerable differences, mainly regarding the latent heat flux under strong wind conditions.
Reference:
Brilouet, P.-E., Durand, P. and Canut, G., 2017: The marine atmospheric boundary layer under strong wind conditions: Organized turbulence structure and flux estimates by airborne measurementsJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122, 2115–2130.
Bibtex Entry:
@Article{Brilouet2017b,
  Title                    = {The marine atmospheric boundary layer under strong wind conditions: Organized turbulence structure and flux estimates by airborne measurements},
  Author                   = {Brilouet, P.-E. and Durand, P. and Canut, G.},
  Journal                  = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
  Year                     = {2017},

  Month                    = {February},
  Number                   = {4},
  Pages                    = {2115–2130},
  Volume                   = {122},

  Abstract                 = {During winter, cold air outbreaks take place in the northwestern Mediterranean sea. They are characterized by local strong winds (Mistral and Tramontane) which transport cold and dry continental air across a warmer sea. In such conditions, high values of surface sensible and latent heat flux are observed, which favor deep oceanic convection. The HyMeX/ASICS-MED field campaign was devoted to the study of these processes. Airborne measurements, gathered in the Gulf of Lion during the winter of 2013, allowed for the exploration of the mean and turbulent structure of the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL). A spectral analysis based on an analytical model was conducted on 181 straight and level runs. Profiles of characteristic length scales and sharpness parameter of the vertical wind spectrum revealed larger eddies along the mean wind direction associated with an organization of the turbulence field into longitudinal rolls. These were highlighted by boundary layer cloud bands on high-resolution satellite images. A one-dimensional description of the vertical exchanges is then a tricky issue. Since the knowledge of the flux profile throughout the entire MABL is essential for the estimation of air-sea exchanges, a correction of eddy covariance turbulent fluxes was developed taking into account the systematic and random errors due to sampling and data processing. This allowed the improvement of surface fluxes estimates, computed from the extrapolation of the stacked levels. A comparison between those surface fluxes and bulk fluxes computed at a moored buoy revealed considerable differences, mainly regarding the latent heat flux under strong wind conditions.},
  Copublication            = {3: 3 Fr},
  Doi                      = {10.1002/2016JD025960},
  ISSN                     = {2169-8996},
  Keywords                 = {Boundary layer processes; Turbulence; Air-sea interactions; Marine atmospheric boundary layer; Turbulence field; Airborne measurements;},
  Owner                    = {hymexw},
  Timestamp                = {2018.03.08},
  Url                      = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JD025960}
}