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by Chaboureau, J.-P., Pantillon, F., Lambert, D., Richard, E. and Claud, C.
Abstract:
The tropical transition of a Mediterranean storm that occurred on 26 September 2006 over southeastern Italy is investigated. The explosive development classified this cyclone as a bomb and its full-tropospheric warm core as a tropical-like storm or medicane. Forecasts at different scales were analysed to identify the key mechanisms in the explosive development of the medicane. At 108 h lead time, the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) failed to predict the medicane and the associated upper-level trough downstream of the ex-tropical cyclone Helene during its extratropical transition. At shorter range, forecasts by both ECMWF and Action de Recherche Petite Echelle Grande Echelle (ARPEGE) increasingly improved with decreasing lead times. The depth of the medicane was missed, however, probably because of the too low resolution with respect to the 60 km diameter cyclone. Forecasts at kilometre scale were run using the mesoscale model Meso-NH and verified against in situ and satellite observations. The Meso-NH forecasts were found to be very sensitive to the initial conditions. Reduced static stability at the southern tip of the upper-level trough determined the convective activity around the pre-existing mesocyclone. The medicane was then formed only if enough vertically developed convection was further enhanced by the jet-induced upward forcing. Otherwise, no tropical transition of the mesocyclone was predicted. This study shows the role of an upper-level jet in explosively deepening a mesocyclone into a tropical storm.
Reference:
Chaboureau, J.-P., Pantillon, F., Lambert, D., Richard, E. and Claud, C., 2012: Tropical transition of a Mediterranean storm by jet crossingQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 138, 596-611.
Bibtex Entry:
@Article{Chaboureau2012b,
  Title                    = {Tropical transition of a Mediterranean storm by jet crossing},
  Author                   = {Chaboureau, J.-P. and Pantillon, F. and Lambert, D. and Richard, E. and Claud, C.},
  Journal                  = {Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society},
  Year                     = {2012},

  Month                    = {April},
  Number                   = {664},
  Pages                    = {596-611},
  Volume                   = {138},

  Abstract                 = {The tropical transition of a Mediterranean storm that occurred on 26 September 2006 over southeastern Italy is investigated. The explosive development classified this cyclone as a bomb and its full-tropospheric warm core as a tropical-like storm or medicane. Forecasts at different scales were analysed to identify the key mechanisms in the explosive development of the medicane. At 108 h lead time, the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) failed to predict the medicane and the associated upper-level trough downstream of the ex-tropical cyclone Helene during its extratropical transition. At shorter range, forecasts by both ECMWF and Action de Recherche Petite Echelle Grande Echelle (ARPEGE) increasingly improved with decreasing lead times. The depth of the medicane was missed, however, probably because of the too low resolution with respect to the 60 km diameter cyclone. Forecasts at kilometre scale were run using the mesoscale model Meso-NH and verified against in situ and satellite observations. The Meso-NH forecasts were found to be very sensitive to the initial conditions. Reduced static stability at the southern tip of the upper-level trough determined the convective activity around the pre-existing mesocyclone. The medicane was then formed only if enough vertically developed convection was further enhanced by the jet-induced upward forcing. Otherwise, no tropical transition of the mesocyclone was predicted. This study shows the role of an upper-level jet in explosively deepening a mesocyclone into a tropical storm.},
  Copublication            = {5: 5 Fr},
  Doi                      = {10.1002/qj.960},
  Owner                    = {hymexw},
  Timestamp                = {2016.01.08},
  Url                      = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/qj.960/abstract}
}