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Archive
by Houpert, L., Testor, P., Durrieu de Madron, X., Somot, S., D Ortenzio, F., Estournel, C. and Lavigne, H.
Abstract:
We present a Mediterranean climatology (1° x 1° x 12 months) of the mixed layer and of the seasonal thermocline, based on a comprehensive collection of temperature profiles spanning 44 years (1969–2012). The database includes more than 190,000 profiles, merging CTD, MBT/XBT, profiling floats, and gliders observations. This data set is first used to describe the seasonal cycle of the mixed layer depth and temperature, together with the seasonal thermocline depth and averaged temperature, on the whole Mediterranean on a monthly climatological basis. Our analysis discriminates several regions with coherent behaviors, in particular the deep water formation sites, characterized by significant differences in the winter mixing intensity. Heat Storage Rate (HSR) is calculated as the time rate of change of the heat content due to variations in the temperature integrated from the surface down to the base of the seasonal thermocline. For the first time the quantification of heat storage rate in the upper-ocean, based only on in situ oceanographic data, is made for the whole Mediterranean. The spatial and temporal variability of the \HSR\ in the Mediterranean Sea and its link with dynamic structures like oceanic gyres are also discussed.
Reference:
Houpert, L., Testor, P., Durrieu de Madron, X., Somot, S., D Ortenzio, F., Estournel, C. and Lavigne, H., 2015: Seasonal cycle of the mixed layer, the seasonal thermocline and the upper-ocean heat storage rate in the Mediterranean Sea derived from observationsProgress in Oceanography, 132, 333-352. (Oceanography of the Arctic and North Atlantic Basins)
Bibtex Entry:
@Article{Houpert2015,
  Title                    = {Seasonal cycle of the mixed layer, the seasonal thermocline and the upper-ocean heat storage rate in the Mediterranean Sea derived from observations},
  Author                   = {Houpert, L. and Testor, P. and Durrieu de Madron, X. and Somot, S., and D Ortenzio, F. and Estournel, C. and Lavigne, H.},
  Journal                  = {Progress in Oceanography},
  Year                     = {2015},

  Month                    = {March},
  Note                     = {Oceanography of the Arctic and North Atlantic Basins},
  Number                   = {0},
  Pages                    = {333-352},
  Volume                   = {132},

  Abstract                 = {We present a Mediterranean climatology (1° x 1° x 12 months) of the mixed layer and of the seasonal thermocline, based on a comprehensive collection of temperature profiles spanning 44 years (1969–2012). The database includes more than 190,000 profiles, merging CTD, MBT/XBT, profiling floats, and gliders observations. This data set is first used to describe the seasonal cycle of the mixed layer depth and temperature, together with the seasonal thermocline depth and averaged temperature, on the whole Mediterranean on a monthly climatological basis. Our analysis discriminates several regions with coherent behaviors, in particular the deep water formation sites, characterized by significant differences in the winter mixing intensity. Heat Storage Rate (HSR) is calculated as the time rate of change of the heat content due to variations in the temperature integrated from the surface down to the base of the seasonal thermocline. For the first time the quantification of heat storage rate in the upper-ocean, based only on in situ oceanographic data, is made for the whole Mediterranean. The spatial and temporal variability of the \{HSR\} in the Mediterranean Sea and its link with dynamic structures like oceanic gyres are also discussed.},
  Copublication            = {7: 7 Fr},
  Doi                      = {10.1016/j.pocean.2014.11.004},
  Owner                    = {hymexw},
  Timestamp                = {2016.01.08},
  Url                      = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0079661114001797}
}