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by Tous, M., Romero, R. and Ramis, C.
Abstract:
A few tropical-like cyclones have developed over the Mediterranean Sea during the last decades according to the inventory of images provided by Meteosat satellite. These extreme small-scale warm-core storms, also called “medicanes”, operate on the thermodynamical disequilibrium between the sea and the atmosphere, and sometimes attain hurricane intensity and threaten the islands and coastal regions. Despite their small size, mesoscale model runs at moderate horizontal resolutions (7.5 km) made with MM5 are able to simulate the formation of a subsynoptic cyclone and the general trajectory of the disturbance, and for most of the cases a warm-core axi-symmetrical structure becomes evident in the simulations. The timing and precise details of the storm trajectories are shown to be more problematic when compared against the satellite images available for the events. It is hypothesized that the small size of the systems and the crucial role of moist microphysics, deep convection and boundary layer parameterizations are the main factors behind these errors. On the other hand, a sensitivity analysis examining the role of the sea surface heat fluxes is conducted: latent and sensible heat fluxes from the Mediterranean are switched off at the beginning of the simulations to explore the effects of these factors on the medicane trajectories and deepening rate. Results show different roles of the surface heat fluxes on medicane properties (intensification and track) depending on their magnitude and spatial distribution over the Mediterranean Sea. In this way, three distinct patterns have been identified using a database of twelve events.
Reference:
Tous, M., Romero, R. and Ramis, C., 2013: Surface heat fluxes influence on medicane trajectories and intensificationAtmospheric Research, 123, 400-411.
Bibtex Entry:
@Article{Tous2013b,
  Title                    = {Surface heat fluxes influence on medicane trajectories and intensification},
  Author                   = {Tous, M., and Romero, R. and Ramis, C.},
  Journal                  = {Atmospheric Research},
  Year                     = {2013},
  Pages                    = {400-411},
  Volume                   = {123},

  Abstract                 = {A few tropical-like cyclones have developed over the Mediterranean Sea during the last decades according to the inventory of images provided by Meteosat satellite. These extreme small-scale warm-core storms, also called “medicanes”, operate on the thermodynamical disequilibrium between the sea and the atmosphere, and sometimes attain hurricane intensity and threaten the islands and coastal regions.

Despite their small size, mesoscale model runs at moderate horizontal resolutions (7.5 km) made with MM5 are able to simulate the formation of a subsynoptic cyclone and the general trajectory of the disturbance, and for most of the cases a warm-core axi-symmetrical structure becomes evident in the simulations. The timing and precise details of the storm trajectories are shown to be more problematic when compared against the satellite images available for the events. It is hypothesized that the small size of the systems and the crucial role of moist microphysics, deep convection and boundary layer parameterizations are the main factors behind these errors. On the other hand, a sensitivity analysis examining the role of the sea surface heat fluxes is conducted: latent and sensible heat fluxes from the Mediterranean are switched off at the beginning of the simulations to explore the effects of these factors on the medicane trajectories and deepening rate.

Results show different roles of the surface heat fluxes on medicane properties (intensification and track) depending on their magnitude and spatial distribution over the Mediterranean Sea. In this way, three distinct patterns have been identified using a database of twelve events.},
  Copublication            = {3: 3 Es},
  Doi                      = {10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.05.022},
  Keywords                 = {Medicanes, Mediterranean, Air–sea interaction, Surface heat fluxes},
  Owner                    = {hymexw},
  Timestamp                = {2016.01.08},
  Url                      = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169809512001615}
}